How to Become an Obstetrician/Gynecologist

An obstetrician/gynecologist specializes in the field of pregnancy, childbirth, and any kind of disorder related to the female reproductive system. Commonly referred to as OB/GYN, an obstetrician/gynecologist offers medical as well as surgical assistance to woman in the following areas:

  • Prenatal care
  • Postnatal care
  • Preventive care
  • Diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases
  • Family planning
  • Diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to female reproductive organs

As a Gynecologist, you may either work as a primary physician or as a consultant. You may also work as Obstetrician/Gynecologist at clinical settings, hospitals, public health administrations, universities or set up private practices.

Becoming an obstetrician/gynecologist needs abundance of motivation, dedication and handwork. Although the process of becoming a successful gynecologist is long, the career is rewarding in all aspects and provides a wide selection of options for growth. The following guidelines provide a clear scheme on how to become an obstetrician/gynecologist -

Acquire High School Diploma with Good Scores

A strong academic background is one of the most significant pre-requisites. Hence, a high school diploma with good scores especially in subjects related to biology is compulsory. Extra curricular activities that highlight the candidate’s interest in the field of gynecology are considered a plus.

Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree with Science Major

A bachelor’s degree with high scores in science related subjects should be a major goal for all pre-med students. In order to gain admission in med-schools, apart from cracking the entrance examinations, a high GPA in bachelor’s degree with involvement in activities related to the subject is considered important.

Graduate Medical School

Following the bachelor’s degree, a 4 year degree in medicine (MD) followed by a 1 year internship lays a strong foundation for becoming a gynecologist. Upon graduation, you are required to pass a certification exam. However, this certification exam can be written only after the period of internship. Hence, acquiring as much knowledge as possible in the four years and applying the same during the internship could yield great results in long term for you.

Enroll for Residency in Gynecology

The final step in becoming an obstetrician/gynecologist is enrolling for residency in gynecology. The 4 years program (including 1 year internship) will train you thoroughly in all aspects of gynecology. Residency also offers a chance to train you in sub-specializations. On completion of the residency, you are required to obtain a license. This license is essential in order to practice as a physician in health care facilities or to set up one’s own practice.

Growth Opportunities

The filed of obstetrics and gynecology includes a wide selection of sub specializations. If you are opting for this field, you may chose to specialize in one of the sub–specialties to practice the same or to enter the teaching profession. Some experts are also known for practicing, teaching and publishing research papers at the same time. However, this requires a great amount of hard work. Areas of specialization you may choose from include

  • Chronic And Acute Medical Conditions
  • Gynecology Specializing In Adolescence
  • Behavioral Disorders
  • Endocrinology
  • Oncology
  • Maintenance Of Health During Pregnancy
  • Infertility
  • Surgical Gynecology
  • Pregnancy And Childbirth
  • Preventative Health Care
  • Urinary Tract Related Disorders