The Indian Casino on the indian reserves

Native American reserves in North America have to find ways to provide employment, derive income for financing construction, infrastructure development, and provide public safety. The Indian reserves like many governments turned to casinos in order to reach these goals and supplement their income. Indian gaming jobs are also open to non-Native Americans and in many cases more non-Native Americans are employed in reserve casinos than Native Americans.

It originated in 1976 when a court ruled in favor of the Native American sovereign rule over their territories and subsequent gaming regulations. Since 1988 many Indian gaming jobs were created when an act that was issued, gave them the right to gamble in the reserves.

Categories of gaming activities
The following classes of gaming activities can be distinguished:

  • Class 1 - communal competitions for prizes of nominal worth
  • Class 2 - games of luck but restricted to lottery, bingo and non-table gambling games. It excludes card games.
  • Class 3 - all types of betting, including games played in casinos, betting on horse or dog races, and includes gambling vending machines. It is through this manner of gambling that the large Indian casinos have grown.

The Class 3 gaming activities are strictly regulated, including liquor licences, worker background inspection, and gambling policies. These regulations vary according to state and tribe, which has led to a perception that the Indian casinos are flawed with inconsistent management and regulations. The pressure is on for more rigid regulation in order to curb crime and money laundering associated with these casinos. It is however by no means restricted to the still young and growing Indian casinos, but is a worldwide problem.

Indian gaming growth
The Indian gambling facilities income for 2004 surpassed that of all the casinos of Nevada together. There are more than 410 Indian casinos in 28 of America's states. Most of the casinos are in Arizona, Minnesota, California, and other Midwestern states. Most of these casinos are still small and provide limited jobs, but at least 60 have grown into large resort type of gaming establishments.

Foxwood was the first gaming facility that evolved into a large casino with a resort and provides many Indian gaming jobs. It is the largest casino in the western parts of America.

Jobs for Non-Native Americans
The Indian gambling facilities provided work for 553 000 people in 2004 and mostly to non-tribe members. The tribal gaming facilities have shown tremendous growth in popularity during the past decade and offer many jobs to the inexperienced dealers, since they have more vacancies than tribal members. The Foxwood gambling world employs 110000 workers. As mush as 10 000 people are employed in casinos in Minnesota of which three quarters are not tribal members.

Some of the casinos have partnered with larger casinos in the set up period because they need their expertise in the training of their staff. Even though there have been isolated incidents of racism or discrimination against non-tribal members, the working conditions is normally fair.

Recruitment is done through job lines, weekly advertisements and the personnel divisions. Don't overlook the boat casinos that offer hundreds of Indian gaming jobs. There are more than 8000 people employed on houseboats in Louisiana alone. Indiana has around 4000 job opportunities on boat casinos.