Vascular Surgeon Career Facts

A vascular surgeon specializes in offering diagnoses and surgical treatments to disorders of the lymphatic and vascular systems. The responsibilities of determining the needs for tests, conducting follow-up visits and choosing the best method of surgery also lie with a vascular surgeon. The vascular system consists of the entire human body’s veins and arteries, while the function of the lymphatic system is to transport vital blood components to the body cells from veins and arteries. A vascular surgeon, sometimes also known as a vascular doctor, specializes in performing almost all venal and arterial surgeries except those that involve vessels within the heart and brain.

Required Education

Vascular surgery was previously considered a field within general surgery; however, after 1970, it has emerged as an independent specialty. To become a vascular doctor, you can go through a 5-year training program in general surgery, followed by 2 years of specialized training in vascular surgery; or you can perform a 5- to 6-year vascular surgery residency.

Basic Tasks of a Vascular Surgeon

A vascular doctor needs to work in close association with patients. Everyday tasks of a vascular surgeon can include the following:

  • Examine the patients with complaints of vascular and lymphatic disorders
  • Perform a diagnosis based on the examination conducted
  • Recommend follow-up visits, medications and tests, if necessary, based on the diagnosis
  • Track the improvement of a patient’s condition during follow-up visits
  • Prescribe any necessary surgical treatments, based on the results of tests
  • Perform vascular surgery to treat a specific lymphatic or vascular disorder
  • Examine the condition of the patients post-surgery and provide post-surgery guidelines for the patients.
  • Observe the improvement of the patients’ conditions during the follow-up visits and provide guidelines based on the results of the examinations.


The hours of work vary, depending upon the clinical hours of the hospital that employs the surgeon. The schedule might change from time to time, depending upon the needs of patients and the demands for a vascular doctor. Long and irregular hours are a common aspect of vascular surgeon jobs.

Earnings and Advancement Opportunities

    On average a vascular surgeon earns about $306,000 annually. However, this amount may vary with the state in which a vascular doctor is employed and how successful the surgeon is in the profession.   

      Once proved to be efficient in the job, a vascular surgeon would be entrusted with greater responsibilities of performing critical surgeries. Depending upon experience, the surgeon could also be promoted to head of the vascular care unit of the hospital. You could also receive the privilege of becoming a visiting vascular doctor for various reputed hospitals.

      If you possess the interest, you may pursue an opportunity to teach students in vascular surgery after you attain enough experience in the field. Some adept vascular surgeons are also offered opportunities to be a part of various reputed medical associations.