F.A.Q. Job Search

This is the CV Tips super Job Search Frequently asked questions click on the type of problem you have and you will be presented with a list of freqeuntly asked questions on the topic.
  1. Credibility and Trustworthiness
    1. For job search purposes - are you bonded when you have posted bail for someone else?

      Not at all - only the employer can purchase insurance to protect himself against employee fraud or theft.

    2. Is it possible to be bonded without my knowledge?

      No, the employer needs to inform you.

    3. What does being 'bonded' mean and what is the implication for job search?

      Bonded is the term used for a person that is seen as trustworthy and reliable. It is a term used by employers to protect them against fraudulent acts of unreliable employees. People who work with finances or property need to be 'bonded', meaning that they should have a clean criminal record in terms of fraud, embezzlement, and theft. The term is not applicable to all types of jobs, only to positions where there are the potential of theft or fraud. If you are bondable, it means that you can be trusted with money and property, and that a reputable institution is willing to vouch for you. It is generally considered good for your job search if you are bondable.

  2. Basics of job search
    1. How to maximize your college investment?

      The average college graduate spends more than $40,000 on a four year education, so it only makes sense to protect that investment as fully as possible. As a student transitions into a job seeker there are important things they must do to protect their investment, and those things center around making sure they market themselves as fully as possible.

      New graduates increasingly have more access to resources than those before them. Taking advantage of resources in a highly competitive job market is a smart move. Job seekers should enlist the help and advice of professionals as they search for a job, as they can use this guidance to improve their job search methods. Career counseling and planning, interview preparation, resume preparation, and coaching, in addition to career testing are all valuable tools that can help a new job seeker reach their fullest potential and find the job of their dreams. Some of these services come free of charge, so why not use them? Hiring professionals to help prepare documents can cost, but is another consideration and can go into protecting the college investment and may be money wisely spent.

    2. What would be some advice for new graduates entering the job market?

      New graduates should be entering the job market as fiercely and competitively as they can. A strong resume enables them to do so, coupled with a powerful cover letter. Regardless of the profession, a graduate's resume should contain certain key elements to help push them forward, then above and beyond their competition. The resume should include industry specific keywords, career oriented language, and have a professional format for the best results possible.
      Career counselors at college can be an asset before and immediately after leaving school, as they can help develop and shape a resume in a way that can land a job unlike creating one on your own. Students should list a though inventory of their academic experiences and achievements, then sit with the counselor and construct a resume that will help them land that perfect job fresh out of school. Things to consider: , clubs, academic achievements, volunteering, or any work study done while attending. These should be shaped within the resume in a way that highlights achievement and skill.

    3. Do you know why employers are hiring?

      A mistake many job seekers make is not knowing why an employer is hiring for the job opening they are applying to. Job seekers typically target resume screeners, hiring managers, and recruiters when applying for jobs. Each of these three has their own reasons and needs when reading a resume, and knowing those reasons may increase the chances of getting hired if a job applicant appeals to their audience correctly.

  3. Background Checks
    1. How should I conduct a job search if I served time?

      Many people, who served time, face the dilemma of employers not wanting to hire them. Large and medium size corporations won't even let you in the door. Government positions are normally not available to people with felonies but smaller companies will hire you. You should thus focus your job search on small companies. You can also try temporary work agencies and any unskilled work to build references. Join a community or volunteer project to show that you have indeed turned away from crime and to build a network of contacts and references. When asked about the conviction, just state for what and that you have been rehabilitated in full.

    2. If a person was fired due to a drug test failure, can an employer refuse to hire the person based on it?

      Employers can use their discretion when hiring employees and most will rather hire someone who didn't fail a drug test.

    3. Why would a company request my social security number (identification number) before I am hired and should I give it to them?

      It is pretty standard for employers to request the social security number or ID number of a potential employee. They conduct background checks to confirm your identity and other information such as clean driving record etc. You should give it to the employer.

    4. If I was discharged from the military service - will it have a negative influence on my job search?

      Only if you apply for a government type job. Other employers are not really concerned with the type of discharge.

    5. How much consideration is given to the consumer report on an employee when hiring decisions are made?

      If you will be working with large amounts of money or credit, it may have a negative influence. In most cases the employer will only use the credit report if there is a case of fraud or theft.

    6. Can infractions on my driver's license influence my job search negatively?

      It depends on the type of job. If you will be driving to clients or transport goods, the company normally requires a clean driving record to keep insurance payments low.

    7. I did a job search and wasn't screened for drug use before I got hired. Can the employer request a drug screen at a later stage?

      The employer can still request a drug test within a limited period after employment or if he suspects that you use drugs.

    8. Is it possible for the employer to find out whether I have completed high school?

      They can easily verify whether you have graduated since this type of information is open to the public.

    9. Will it come up in a background check that I have been fired?

      It can come up, if the employer interviews friends or family and they say something, but it will not be disclosed by your previous employer or on any credit reports.

    10. If I have recently been declared bankrupt at any stage, will it influence my job search?

      Yes, employers have the right not to hire you based on a bad financial record. This applies for any position where money or property is handled, the military and police service as well as any civil service position.

    11. If I became unemployed due to a traumatic experience outside the work environment, should I disclose the information to next employer - won't it have a negative influence on my job search?

      You don't have to disclose it on your CV, but can explain that you took time off to deal with personal issues.

    12. Will a criminal or arrest record influence my job search - may the employer decide not to hire me because of it?

      Arrests won't show on your record, but it is required to note it on your application. Even though it isn't against the law not to hire someone with a criminal record, an employer may decide not to employ you if the felony is relevant to your job responsibilities.

    13. What is a credit or consumer report and where do they get it?

      It is a credit check, but can also include a full investigation to your personality and background. The information can be obtained through a credit agency as well as through interviews with your relatives and friends.

    14. Is it possible for a recruiter or prospective employer to find out if you have been fired for fraud or theft?

      If there are criminal charges against you - the answer is yes. The prospective employer can not however, get information about the reasons for leaving or being fired from the previous employer.

    15. When you do a job search, can a future employer get your military information or record without your consent?

      No, only through a DD214 or through an International Credit Check.

  4. References
    1. Can an employer ask my previous employer about job attendance?

      Yes, they can although the previous employer doesn't have to answer.

    2. What should I do when my most recent reference is not so great?

      Before you start with your job search, you should get permission from the people that you want to use as references. If a reference is isn't good then don't use it. Get an alternative reference.

    3. Can a company contact a person's references after they have hired him?

      Yes, but it is most unlikely. They will only do it if they suspect you lied on your application and CV.

    4. I am conducting a job search and the prospective employer wants to call my current employer, should I give him permission?

      Yes, but only after an offer is on the table. Don't allow him to call before you have an offer. If however, you are employed on a part time basis, your current employer most probably will not mind.

    5. For job search purposes, can I ask my current employer for a letter of recommendation or to be a reference?

      As a rule, rather ask co-workers and the HR department to act as referrals. You can try to get a letter of recommendation from your manager at salary or performance review times for your file. You may also state that you would like to become a member of an organization (make sure that you do) and needs a letter to state that you are trustworthy, on time etc.

    6. Must your previous employer answer questions about you?

      The previous employer is under no obligation to answer any job search related questions. If you were fired for instance, he will not provide reasons or say that you have been fired. Most previous employers, do however, answer any reasonable questions such as years employed, position held, trustworthiness etc.

  5. Experience & Qualifications
    1. When I do a job search - how can I state that I was retrenched due to re-organization in a positive way?

      Re-organization or downsizing is good enough.

    2. Will it count against me in my job search if I held several temporary jobs for a period, when I want to get a permanent job now?

      Many people only take on temporary jobs since it provides them with more flexibility, less tax and a wide range of job experiences. You can thus state these reasons for holding those jobs in your job search.

    3. If I have several degrees in business management and turned to the education field after being retrenched and would like to get back into the corporate world ï will the teaching period count against me in the job search and hiring process?

      This answer is also applicable to other careers. Indicate how your teaching experience is still relevant to the position that you apply for. You can also mention that you chose teaching because of the new challenges and because you wanted to share your knowledge with other people, but feel that your expertise can be put to better use in the market place at present.

    4. In my job search, should I mention that my reason for leaving my previous employer was because of verbal abusive language and discrimination?

      No, never bad mouth your previous employer. You can state that you have enjoyed working for the company, but had little growth possibilities and you wished to pursue a job where you could grow.

    5. How can I explain long periods of unemployment when I conduct a job search?

      First of all, make use of a functional CV that will place less emphasis on your career history. Explain the reasons for unemployment - for instance taking time of to travel or spend with you family. You should list any projects or volunteer work, which you have done during that period.

    6. What are the most important soft skills that employers require in most jobs?

      Employers are looking for candidates that will stay for a long period, are loyal to the company, fit the corporate culture, are trustworthy, honest and hard working, who will contribute to the goals of the company and will be productive within a short period. The candidate must have the skills for the specific job and the ability to learn new skills that are required.

    7. If two persons of different sexes with the same level of qualifications, soft skills and experience apply for a job - how is the hiring decision made?

      It depends on the company policy and the job itself. If a female will fit better in the corporate culture then she will be hired and the same goes for the male. Other factors are also taken in consideration such as type of work, what remuneration the candidate is willing to accept and personality traits.

    8. Is it possible to still find a good job after a long period of unemployment due to disability - any job search advice?

      Yes, just state what you did during the period of unemployment, such as taking care of family matters, hobbies and volunteer work.

    9. Will bad grades have a negative influence on my job search?

      In general employers won't request your grades, but good grades indicate that you are hard working and have sufficient knowledge of the subject areas.

    10. In my job search, how can I create a good impression with an employer when he requests more information before he will hire me?

      Some of the buzzwords that come to mind are reliable, trustworthy, loyal, creative, hard working, neat, flexible, well trained etc. Write a motivation letter that shows how your soft skills will benefit the employer. Remember that the employer needs to be assured that the company's goals are important to you. List some volunteer work and get letters of recommendation to support your claims of reliability, loyalty etc.

  6. Pre-employment tests
    1. How do I prepare for job entry tests?

      You can do a few self-assessment tests on the Internet and study or practice your knowledge and competency in your specific field. You need to make sure that you are drug free at least three to six months in advance.

    2. What type of job entry tests can I expect?

      The extent of pre-employment testing differs from employer to employer and depends on the job type and position. In general you can expect the following tests:

  7. Working from home?
    1. job search for online survey positions: how legitimate are the paying for taking survey jobs?

      Most of them are legitimate and you can earn a living through it. Marketing companies make use of surveys to gather information and you as the consumer, completes surveys for them.

    2. Job search for home based work: are there any real income-earning 'stuffing envelopes' jobs?

      Yes, although there are hundreds of scams and pyramid schemes. In short, you will do the same as the person who advertised. You advertise, someone sends money to get the information and they do the same.

    3. Should I take a chance on the Internet work from home opportunities?

      Although there are many scams, you can find good working from home opportunities through sites such as EBay where you can sell or participate in affiliate programs. Paid to go shopping and writing reviews are also good opportunities.

    4. What types of home based jobs are available to a person with no experience?

      There are a number of data entry jobs, genealogy or family research positions, typing and letter writing jobs, home shopping networks etc. that you can pursue. The best option is to link your home based job to something that you are interested in or already have some hobby experience with.

    5. What are the working from home job options?

      Many tele-commuting jobs exist. You can also start your own business or become a free lance designer, writer or worker related to your experience and soft skills.

    6. Where should I look for jobs that can be done from home?

      You can look in the classified sections of newspapers, but should be aware of the many schemes that require your capital input with little or no return. Another place to look is one the Internet and to create your own opportunities.

    7. What is working from home?

      It is where you conduct most of your income earning work from your house. You can run an office from your home, do writing or research work, take online surveys, selling goods via the Internet etc. It is basically any job where you are your own boss most of the time and earn an income from your home.

  8. Already Employed
    1. I am 'fed up' at work is getting another job the only option?

      No it is not. You can make your work life better through a change in attitude, taking on new challenges and making changes in those areas where you feel frustrated. You can consider working in another department and discussing the issues with your Human Resources officer. As an alternative you may start your own business or do contract work.

    2. If I am frustrated at my current employer and want to get other employment, but don't get time to do the job search - should I quit to get time?

      Consider whether you have enough money to sustain a job search without employment. It is better to search for other work while you are still employed. Why not take a few days leave and do your job hunting during that period or during your annual leave time?

    3. Shall I tell my current employer I am looking for another job?

      Unless your employer wants you to leave or understand that you have only taken the job for an interim period, you should not tell him.

    4. How can you obtain a reference from your current employer for job search purposes?

      Unless your employer is aware of your job search, it is best not to approach him directly. You can ask one of your fellow employees to act as reference, or get a hold of a previous employee or supervisor to vouch for you. Most employers realize that the current employer will not be too happy with your job search and will be satisfied with colleague or ex-boss references.

    5. How do I change my line of work?

      List the jobs that you are interested in. You can use your hobbies, interests and personality traits to get a theme. Research the jobs that you have identified and if needed, obtain skills through voluntary work in that field or attend the required courses to get qualified. Meet with people already in the specific career field to obtain more inside information and advice. These people can also serve as network contacts to get into the specific fields.

    6. Can I quit a job after only four weeks of employment - how will it influence my job search?

      You should leave if you are really unhappy, but not before you have another job. Look for other employment while you are at the present employer and finish any current projects before you resign. Too short work periods will affect your job search in the long run - it shows that you are not loyal to an employer.

    7. How can I get a higher paying job?

      Get higher qualifications, experience and if needed, a change in career. Networking is the best option for getting a higher paid job.

  9. Jobs Abroad
    1. How do I find a job in Asia?

      There are numerous online sites that offer employment in Asia. Just enter Asia employment opportunities or Asia jobs to find employment. Note that the Asian countries require passport size pictures with the CVs. A good starting point on the Net.

    2. Please name a few seasonal jobs that I can find in the Alps

      Chalet staff, waitress jobs, bartenders, representatives, entertainers, drivers, resort managers, ski instructors, ski lift operators, rescue work, chefs, administration work and security officers.

    3. I am thinking of leaving my home country to look for work where do I start?

      Research the countries where you would like to work. Find out what types of workers are in demand, and what the work requirements are. You also need to know what qualifications are needed. Brush up on the required language skills and start training in the field that you want to work in. If you are for instance interested in a teaching post, a TEFL certification may be required to work in another country. Make use of the Internet to find the information and overseas accommodation and employment. Draw up your budget to include costs of transport, hotels and accommodation when you have to go for interviews. Try to schedule at least three or four interviews in the same town or country to reduce costs.

    4. If I am looking for overseas employment, which jobs are the most in demand?

      Countries as a rule protect their unskilled labor force due to world wide unemployment trends. Skilled and highly qualified workers are most in demand.

    5. What jobs are in demand in the Far East?

      Foreigners can find employment in the teaching field, IT and engineering.

    6. What jobs are in demand in America?

      IT, construction, motoring, sales, ski and casino work are in demand.

    7. What jobs are in demand in Europe?

      Teaching, medical and IT jobs are in demand.

    8. How do you conduct a job search in another country?

      The internet is a good starting point. International recruiting agents and even local recruiters advertise openings on the Internet. Once your CV has been uploaded, you can also browse the Net for information on the entry and work permit requirements in other countries. Keep in mind that most overseas companies will still require an interview before you get hired. You may arrange for a web conference or online interview.

    9. When I do a job search, will the employer regard my experience or qualifications as more important?

      It depends on the type of work, but in general both count. Experience is in most cases the most important, but only in relation to your qualifications to support it. If you are applying for an entry level graduate job, your degree will count more.

    10. How do I find a job in India?

      Follow the link: http://www.cvtips.com/chennai_careers.html

    11. What is the best way for finding employment in Australia?

      The two most used ways for finding employment in Australia are through the Internet (if you are highly skilled) and through networking.

    12. What are the highest paying jobs in the USA?

      Podiatrists, lawyers, optometrists, IT personnel and managers, physicists, air traffic controllers, engineers, judges, dentists, pilots, general practitioners, actors, magistrates and marketing managers.

  10. Job Types
    1. Where can I find adventure jobs?

      There are numerous adventure job types available including:

      International Voluntary work

      This includes working with orphanages, wildlife conservation and rebuilding of communities in Africa, Asia and Latin America. You get the chance to travel and experience different cultures but face the risk of contracting tropical diseases such as Malaria and Bilharzia. You should take all necessary precautions and be willing to stay in third class accommodation with little or no luxuries. Apart from this, there is also a certain amount of danger involved for instance, the risk of getting caught up in civil war, or having to deal with dangerous animals.

      These jobs are ideally suited for adventure lovers in the age range of 20 to 30 and can be the start of your career in conservancy, the UN or even humanitarian aid. It does however also mean that you will be far away from home and familiar people. No experience is normally required, but young graduates in related fields can use international voluntary work as part of their internships.

      Park Ranger

      Although the park ranger may not have as an exciting job as a firefighter, working with animals and a diversity of plants under less than comfortable circumstances, can be adventurous. The KZN Wildlife Trust in South Africa offers a number of volunteer jobs where people can help to rehabilitate wild animals, conduct research and help maintain the eco-balance around the South African coast. Other places include the rainforest, Canada, and wildlife expeditions in Costa Rica. The hours are irregular and the job is not suited for people who donït like the bushes. It is the ideal entry level job for job seekers in the conservation field.

      Overseas Summer Jobs

      Most overseas summer jobs can be found in the tourism industry. Although the pay is low, you get the opportunity to travel and meet a lot of interesting people.

      The jobs available include au pair jobs in the UK, USA, Europe, South Africa etc, with the ability to work with children and communicate in the required language as a must. Although the pay is high for this type of job, the hours are long with a long list of responsibilities. It can however, be used as part of your internship or building experience if you study teaching.

      Farm work is another type of adventure job that is also not dangerous. It may mean that you lodge with a room mate and have to work long hours in the scorching sun but you see other parts of the world.

      You can also act as tour guide in a number of countries. You will need good people and communication skills and excellent organization abilities. This can be very exciting and can be used as a springboard into the tourism industry. The basic salary is low, but tips and commission can be saved for the rainy days. You get to eat at high class establishments and learn about different cultures.

      Travel Journalist

      You get to meet interesting people, visit places where you normally wouldn't go, dine, drive several types of vehicles and write in a creative style. You get paid for reading and writing. Most travel journalists work for magazines or websites. It is easier to break into this field as a freelancer than in any other journalistic field. You need excellent writing and reporting skills, a love for traveling and must have a creative mind. Although you wonït become rich overnight and may have to supplement your income with other types of part time jobs in the beginning, good writing will pay off in the end. It is however not a well-suited job for married people unless they travel as couples since you will spend very little time at home.

      Work for an NGO

      You can work for an NGO in developing countries and get paid to help struggling communities. Not only can it be used to further your career, but you get the chance to contribute to society. The World Health Organization and conservation NGOs employ people from the medical, conservation, building and humanitarian aid backgrounds. These jobs normally pay well and can easily become permanent careers. If you are married, you will need to discuss these opportunities with your spouse as a lot of traveling can be involved and in many cases you may have to live in rural communities where there are no schools and clinics.

      Ski Instructor

      Holiday jobs at ski resorts are full of adventure and excitement. You can easily become a ski instructor by starting of in any type of ski resort work and then practicing your ski skills. Once you start to teach the children of ski resort visitors, you can work your way up and attend ski camps and courses. Ski instructor work pays well and has some prestige to it. The career possibilities are endless and you can go all the way up to national level certificates and instructor work. You normally work from early mornings until late afternoon and have the evenings off. It entails a six day week, but on your days off you can also enjoy the ski slopes.

      Dog Handler in Alaska

      You must be able to work with dogs as you will drive a sled with dogs, take care of them and also interact with clients. This is a great summer job that pays well. Excellent communication skills are required and a love for animals and the outdoors. You will need to travel to Alaska and be willing to work in extreme cold conditions. It is a student job and not well-suited for older people since it is physically demanding.

    2. What are fun jobs for a student?

      It depends on your personality and sense of adventure. There are hundreds of casino jobs, resort work, ski resort jobs, fruit packing, tour guides, packing fish in Alaska, waiter jobs, camping jobs etc.

    3. What types of seasonal work can I look for at ski resorts?

      The list is almost endless, ranging from parking attendants, ski removal, mountain rescue workers to restaurant and driving jobs. You can view more jobs available at: http://www.cvtips.com/ski_jobs_search.html

    4. Should I opt for permanent, temporary or contract employment?

      If you prefer security and less risk, then permanent employment is for you. Temporary employment should be considered when you are not sure what you want to do, donït plan to stay in the industry for long or cannot find suitable permanent work. Contract work is ideal for someone who wants more flexibility and higher income but is willing to go without all the benefits that go with permanent employment.

    5. How do I search for temp jobs?

      If you conduct an Internet search you can type 'temp', 'temporary' or 'part time' as part of your search criteria. There are several temp agencies located throughout the world that can help you find temp jobs.

    6. What are the benefits of contracting?

      It presents you with the opportunity to build experience in a number of areas and provides a higher pay rate because you get paid by the hour. You also have more flexibility and can try a position before accepting permanent employment in the field.

    7. What are the disadvantages of contracting?

      You don't get sick leave and paid holidays. Another drawback is that you have to renew your contract after a certain period and may find yourself out of work after the contract ends. This means less stability and security than permanent employment.

    8. How do I search for internship positions?

      Evaluate your career goals and list companies that you would like to work for. You can find lists of companies in your specific industry through online directories and the yellow pages. Conduct an Internet search on each identified company. Contact the Human Resources division or the intern hiring person to find out what the requirements and application process are. Once you have established contact, write a targeted cover letter and attach your CV. Follow up on a regular basis to ensure that you get chosen.

    9. Must I be a student to apply for an internship position?

      Most companies only offer internship positions to students, but if you motivate your reasons for wanting such a position, they will consider you.

    10. What are the main activities of a cartoonist?

      The cartoonist draws pictures. Many cartoonists make use of special software to aid them in the process. You need an eye for detail, a sense of humor and some insight.

    11. What types of jobs are available in the construction field?

      Masons, engineers, carpenters, plumbers, electricians, surveyors, architects, project managers, builders, unskilled laborers, glaziers, inspectors, metal workers, roofers, and painters.

    12. I am doing a job search and came across a job in customer service. What does this type of job entail?

      I am doing a job search and came across a job in customer service. What does this type of job entail?

      It normally involves working with customer complaints, issues, concerns and building good relations with the customers.